Are independent fact checkers effective in combatting fake news on COVID-19? A case study of Indonesia

Ridhanty, Anantia (2021) Are independent fact checkers effective in combatting fake news on COVID-19? A case study of Indonesia. [Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)]

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Abstract

Accessing the latest information is easier these days since the development and expansion of the new media. Unlike newspapers, radio, or television, the internet could give us the latest update about almost everything that happens worldwide quickly. One of the big events that have happened in 2020 is SARS-CoV-2, a virus that causes COVID-19 globally from the end of 2019. This virus has caused numerous deaths and scares most people since this kind of virus has never been discovered before. Therefore, this condition leads people to find any information as much as they can. However, some information on the internet is fake and misleading. To avoid consuming and spreading fake news in Indonesia, a group of people called “The fact-checkers” is debunking the fake news that spreads on the internet every day. This study conducts research on how “The fact-checkers” work and how influential they are to the government of Indonesia.

This research used the qualitative method. The data was gathered by interviewing the fact-checkers from two independent fact-checker organisations and a representative from the government in Indonesia. Research finds out that there are five steps for the fact-checkers to debunk the fake news. Other than debunking the fake news, they also contribute to the society. One of them is informing people on how to differentiate fake news and actual news. On the other hand, according to the representative of the government, the independent fact-checkers are reliable persons when it comes to helping the government’s vision to help digital literacy in Indonesia. But their impact is still on practical level instead of regulation level.

Item Type: Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)
Keywords: fake news; fact-checkers; Indonesian government; COVID-19
Depositing User: Ridhanty, Anantia
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2021 02:15
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2021 02:15
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/64758

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