Corneal nerve fractal dimension: a novel corneal nerve metric for the diagnosis of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy

Chen, Xin and Graham, Jim and Petropoulos, Ioannis N. and Ponirakis, Georgios and Asghar, Omar and Alam, Uazman and Marshall, Andrew and Ferdousi, Maryam and Azmi, Shazli and Efron, Nathan and Malik, Rayaz A. (2018) Corneal nerve fractal dimension: a novel corneal nerve metric for the diagnosis of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy. Investigative Opthalmology & Visual Science, 59 (2). pp. 1113-1118. ISSN 1552-5783

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Abstract

Objective: Corneal confocal microscopy (CCM), an in vivo ophthalmic imaging modality, is a noninvasive and objective imaging biomarker for identifying small nerve fiber damage. We have evaluated the diagnostic performance of previously established CCM parameters to a novel automated measure of corneal nerve complexity called the corneal nerve fiber fractal dimension (ACNFrD).

Methods: A total of 176 subjects (84 controls and 92 patients with type 1 diabetes) with and without diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) underwent CCM. Fractal dimension analysis was performed on CCM images using purpose-built corneal nerve analysis software, and compared with previously established manual and automated corneal nerve fiber measurements.

Results: Manual and automated subbasal corneal nerve fiber density (CNFD) (P < 0.0001), length (CNFL) (P < 0.0001), branch density (CNBD) (P < 0.05), and ACNFrD (P < 0.0001) were significantly reduced in patients with DSPN compared to patients without DSPN. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves for identifying DSPN were comparable: 0.77 for automated CNFD, 0.74 for automated CNFL, 0.69 for automated CNBD, and 0.74 for automated ACNFrD.

Conclusions: ACNFrD shows comparable diagnostic efficiency to identify diabetic patients with and without DSPN.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Computer Science
Identification Number: 10.1167/iovs.17-23342
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2018 10:48
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2018 12:25
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/50722

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