Effect of air voids on pavement thermal properties

Hassn, Abdushafi Alhashmi (2017) Effect of air voids on pavement thermal properties. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Harvesting Energy stands as one of the most promising techniques for approaching the global energy problem without depleting natural resources. Pavement solar energy harvesting (PSEH) technology is one of these techniques and it is considered as a new research area and currently under development which aims to enhance pavements for capture, and storage of thermal energy.

To advance the study of PSEH, a study was made of the influence of moisture inside asphalt on its energy transport and storage abilities. Measurements of almost all the key thermal properties of asphalt are reported for a range of mixtures with various air void contents ranging from 4.5% to 30%.

On the basis of this study it is concluded that, under dry conditions, asphalt mixtures with low air voids content have higher thermo-physical properties (i.e. density, thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity, thermal diffusivity and thermal effusivity) than asphalt mixtures with higher air voids content. Therefore, heating and cooling rates of dense asphalt mixtures were higher than those from porous asphalt mixtures. The total amount of energy accumulated in asphalt mixtures with different air voids content, but with the same constitutive materials, during heating and cooling depends only on the density of the mixtures. In addition, results indicate that asphalt mixtures with high air voids content accumulate less energy than asphalt mixtures with lower air voids content. It is concluded that mixtures with high air voids content are recommended to alleviate the urban heat island effect while mixtures with low air voids content are recommended for harvesting solar heat from pavements.

It is concluded that under wet conditions, a relationship exists between the evaporation rate, the heat flux, and the surface temperature during water evaporation. In addition, the evaporation rate has been related to air voids parameters such as air voids content and diameter, tortuosity, or the Euler number.

The study also investigated the feasibility of harvesting heat from asphalt concrete mixtures by Thermoelectric Power Generators (TEG) and how the air voids content can affect the recovery of this heat. It was found that increasing and/or maintaining the temperature difference between the hot side and cold side of a TEG is considered to be the most important factor in energy recovery application from asphalt pavement. It is concluded that maintaining the temperature gradient between the asphalt pavement and the subgrade could provide a potential of converting heat energy to electrical energy through the use of Thermoelectric Power generators.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Garcia, Alvaro
Dawson, Andrew R.
Keywords: Pavements,Density; Solar energy; Asphalt, Thermal properties; Pavements, Asphalt concrete
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering
Item ID: 47604
Depositing User: Hassn, Abdushafi
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2017 04:40
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2017 09:47
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47604

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