One dimensional models for slugging in channel flow

Giddings, Josef A (2017) One dimensional models for slugging in channel flow. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Gas-liquid pipe flows are extremely important in many industries, one of which is the oil/gas industry which is where the motivation for this work comes from. In subsea natural gas pipelines the gas is compressed before being pumped through the pipe at high pressure. As it flows through the pipe some of the gas condenses into a low density mixture of hydrocarbon liquids. When gas and liquid flow together there are several possible flow regimes that can occur depending on the velocity of the gas and liquid, one of which is slug flow where the liquid forms a series of plugs (slugs) separated by relatively large gas pockets. The occurrence of slug flow is a major concern in the oil and gas industry due to the difficulty of dealing with large changes in the oil and gas flow rates at the exit of the pipe.

We develop a hydraulic theory to describe the occurrence and structure of slugging in two-layer-gas-liquid flow generated by prescribed, constant, upstream flow rates in each layer. We will investigate how small-amplitude disturbances affect the flow in order to study the stability of spatially uniform solutions. We will then consider the existence of periodic travelling wave solutions numerically in order to investigate the influencing factors that may lead to a transition from stratified flow to slug flow. We then solve the governing equations numerically as an initial value problem in order to improve our understanding of how and why slugs form and are able to compare our solutions to those predicted by the periodic travelling wave theory. Finally, we investigate the effects of non-horizontal channels with small, slowly varying inclination on the development of slug flow by re-writing our equations in terms of a curvilinear co-ordinate system. From this we find that the height of the layer of liquid increases with the angle of the channel and our solutions are significantly different to those in the horizontal case.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Billingham, John
Cox, Stephen
Keywords: Multiphase flow; stratified pipeline flow; slug flow; slugging; roll waves; topography.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA801 Analytic mechanics
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Item ID: 38801
Depositing User: Giddings, Josef
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 04:40
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 21:23
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/38801

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