Discovery of novel alphacoronaviruses in European rodents and shrews
Tsoleridis, Theocharis and Onianwa, Okechukwu and Horncastle, Emma and Dayman, Emma and Zhu, Miaoran and Danjittrong, Taechasit and Wachtl, Marta and Behnke, Jerzy M. and Chapman, Sarah and Strong, Victoria and Dodds, Phillipa and Tarlinton, Rachael E. and Ball, Jonathan K. and McClure, Patrick (2016) Discovery of novel alphacoronaviruses in European rodents and shrews. Viruses, 8 (3). 84/1-84/9. ISSN 1999-4915
Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/8/3/84
Eight hundred and thirteen European rodents and shrews encompassing seven different species were screened for alphacoronaviruses using PCR detection. Novel alphacoronaviruses were detected in the species Rattus norvegicus, Microtus agrestis, Sorex araneus and Myodes glareolus. These, together with the recently described Lucheng virus found in China, form a distinct rodent/shrew-specific clade within the coronavirus phylogeny. Across a highly conserved region of the viral polymerase gene, the new members of this clade were up to 22% dissimilar at the nucleotide level to the previously described Lucheng virus. As such they might represent distinct species of alphacoronaviruses. These data greatly extend our knowledge of wildlife reservoirs of alphacoronaviruses.
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