Automatic sea turtle nest detection via deep learning

Sanchez Castillo, Ricardo (2015) Automatic sea turtle nest detection via deep learning. [Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)]

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Abstract

Out of the seven species of sea turtles in the world, six are classified as endangered. Mexico is home to five of these species which are protected by the government laws, however these animals are still subject to many threats, the most crucial is the poaching and illegal commerce of their eggs. There are programs related to the prevention of these illegal activities such as the surveillance

of the beaches during nesting season but monitoring the long extension of beaches in the country is exhausting. In order to solve this problem, the current project proposes the use of drones to automatically detect sea turtle nests along the beach making use of machine learning and computer vision algorithms. However, sea turtle nests detection is a complex task due to the similarity

between a nest and its surrounding area, therefore this project has explored the subject using the deep learning approach, particularly making use of Convolutional Neural Network architectures which have shown a success in challenges related to image classification and localisation and outperforms classical machine learning methods. In order to find the best architecture for this task, different architectures were trained and tested in similar conditions to classify an image as either nest or not a nest, then the best architecture was used for detecting nests using frames extracted from a video obtained using a drone. Finally, a tracking algorithm is proposed for detecting nests within a video stream in order to obtain a complete system for a real world application in a near future. Results show an encouraging performance in classification and recognition which is also non-dependent of the current task such that by performing the corresponding training, this algorithm could also be used for detecting another kind of objects. There is still research to be done but probably the first steps have been taken for this important task which can be useful for the conservation of this sea species.

Item Type: Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)
Keywords: sea turtle, nest, deep learning, convolutional neural network, artificial intelligence.
Depositing User: Gonzalez-Orbegoso, Mrs Carolina
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2015 15:34
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 13:48
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/30798

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