A single apparatus for the production of ultracold fermionic lithium and cold bosonic caesium gases

Paris Mandoki, Asaf (2015) A single apparatus for the production of ultracold fermionic lithium and cold bosonic caesium gases. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Ultracold mixture experiments hold the promise of providing new insights into many-body quantum systems as well as ultracold chemistry and few-body phenomena. The work presented in this thesis dealt with the construction of a new apparatus for the production and study of ultracold gases of fermionic lithium-6 and bosonic caesium-133. These isotopes offer a wide tunability in their interaction strength, both in inter-species and intra-species collisions, through magnetic Feshbach resonances. Additionally, the widely different resonance frequencies of lithium and caesium enables independent control of each of the species.

With this apparatus, Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) containing 10^4 lithium Feshbach molecules are routinely produced. The cooling system for caesium has been developed in parallel and important steps towards producing ultracold caesium gases have been made. An optical dipole trap has been loaded with 2x10^6 caesium atoms and evaporative cooling towards quantum degeneracy can now be pursued.

Laser, vacuum, magnetic and control systems have been developed for the implementation of this experiment. Light produced with this laser system was used to laser cool atoms, create conservative dipole traps as well as to provide means of imaging atomic clouds. Additionally, a system to produce strong magnetic fields of up to 1400 G has been established in order to exploit the wide tunability in the atomic interactions. Software that was developed for the computerised control system facilitated the coordination of all the components involved in the experimental sequence. Measurements and calculations that showcase the functionality of relevant parts of the setup are presented in this thesis.

In this experiment, lithium and caesium atoms are obtained from a novel type of Zeeman slower and are loaded into a magneto-optical trap (MOT). The system is capable of doing this independently for each of the atomic species as well as sequentially. After the MOT has been loaded with atoms, they are transferred into a conservative far-off-resonance optical dipole trap. By adjusting the interactions between atoms and lowering the depth of the dipole trap, efficient evaporative cooling of lithium was carried out from which a molecular BEC was obtained. Time-of-flight measurements were used to characterise the condensate and study its expansion dynamics.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Hackermüller, Lucia
Krüger, Peter
Keywords: Ultracold atoms
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Item ID: 30601
Depositing User: Paris Mandoki, Asaf
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2016 10:37
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 13:35
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/30601

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