An understanding of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity from two different perspectives: ADHD and SPD

Attard, Giannella (2014) An understanding of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity from two different perspectives: ADHD and SPD. [Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)]

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Abstract

Abstract





Although inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity are commonly

associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), these

behaviours may also be present due to Sensory Processing Disorders

(SPD), either as distinct or as co-existing disorders. Albeit the significant

knowledge available regarding ADHD, awareness and knowledge related to

SPD is limited in the educational field, thus impacting on the efficiency of

behaviour management in the classroom. This is due to the fact that

whilst ADHD is one of the most prevalent, well recognised and diagnosed

neurodevelopmental disorders, SPD is, to date, still not a recognised

disorder. However, in the field of Occupational Therapy, Sensory

Processing is considered to be an integral part of development and thus

behaviours are evaluated from this perspective as well.

In view of this, a detailed literature review together with a single subject

retrospective case study was carried out. The results reveal that such

behaviours, when due to both diagnoses, are better managed by

medication and behaviour management with respect to ADHD and by

means of a sensory diet, that targets the sensory needs of the individual,

with respect to SPD. Still, these results cannot be generalised due to the

limitations of the study, therefore it is recommended that further research

and related educational interventions are necessary. The need for the

Occupational Therapy profession to get involved further in the educational

field has also been identified.

Item Type: Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)
Depositing User: Gigg, Diane
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2015 10:57
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 11:28
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/28224

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