Improving nurses’ in non-HIV settings knowledge about HIV: design and evaluation of a computer based learning object

Weeks, Kirstie (2012) Improving nurses’ in non-HIV settings knowledge about HIV: design and evaluation of a computer based learning object. [Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Poor HIV knowledge is associated with discrimination towards people living with HIV (PLWH). The increasing prevalence of HIV in the over 50’s means more registered nurses (RNs) will be caring for this client group. Therefore knowledge improvement is crucial to ensure non-discriminatory care. HIV educational interventions have been successful in improving RNs’ knowledge, however, recommendations suggest an innovative delivery method is needed for post-registration HIV education. E-learning is valued for its flexibility and accessibility, however is portrayed as time consuming. Reusable Learning Objects (RLOs) are short, multimedia, interactive educational tools, which may overcome this. There is minimal evidence RLOs can increase RNs’ knowledge therefore the aim of this dissertation was to investigate a RLOs ability to improve RNs’ HIV knowledge.

Methods:

A RLO was developed using the agile development framework. RLO Evaluation took place using a quantitative pre-post-test design. HIV knowledge was assessed using a pre-post questionnaire, the intervention (n=12) and non-intervention (n=12) groups’ scores were compared. Independent t-tests were used to establish if changes in knowledge score were significant.

Results:

Results showed RNs’ HIV knowledge was poor scoring 45.6% on average. The intervention groups’ change in knowledge score was statistically significant (p<.001). The RLO appeared to change participants’ perceptions of PLWH experiences of stigma and discrimination within healthcare settings.

Conclusion:

This study is the first, to-date, which provides empirical findings that RLOs’ can improve RNs’ knowledge. This dissertation recommends that post-registration HIV education should become a priority for nurse educators to ensure PLWH receive appropriate care. Recommending that RLOs are a suitable alternative educational method for post-registration nurse education, providing a solution for delivering education on a large scale. Further research is required adopting a randomised control trial design, utilising a larger sample size of RNs from different locations to increase rigor and to verify this study’s results.

Item Type: Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2013 14:50
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2016 12:00
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/26953

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