Value at Risk Disclosure of Banks
Celly, Ayushi (2012) Value at Risk Disclosure of Banks. [Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)] (Unpublished)
Mismanagement of risk can carry an enormous cost. In recent years, business has experienced numerous risks that have resulted in considerable financial losses, decrease in shareholder value, and damage to the banks or financial institutions reputations, dismissals of senior management and in some cases dissolution of the business. This risky environment where mismanagement of risks arrives makes it mandatory for management to adopt a more proactive perspective on risk management. In this paper we would be looking at the level of Value at Risk, Stress Tests and Enterprise Risk Management disclosure for a sample of sixteen banks where US, UK, Canadian and Japanese banks have been chosen. To measure the disclosure level of Value-at-Risk we modified an existing disclosure index; and for Stress Tests and Enterprise Risk Management we created a new disclosure index since lack of literature on ERM disclosure was found. A total score of fifteen for Value at Risk disclosure, four for Stress Tests and six for Enterprise Risk Management disclosure is assigned which captures different facets of risk disclosure where the data has been gathered from the bank’s annual reports from 2007 to 2010. We have observed that UK and Canadian banks have been consistently disclosing risk information in their annual reports, whereas, on the other hand Japanese banks and surprisingly US banks have been disclosing less information when compared to the other countries. Moreover, we have seen that few banks such as HSBC and Royal Bank of Canada have scored the highest disclosure score; and Wells Fargo and Nomura Bank have scored the least points in risk disclosure. Moreover, our results have shown that there little or no relationship between Value at Risk disclosure and the bank size and leverage and a positive relationship with banks profits.
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