Alcohol – students binge drinking – systematic or critical review

Craig, Sarah (2010) Alcohol – students binge drinking – systematic or critical review. [Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Abstract

Background: In recent years excessive alcohol use has increased in the UK resulting in a wide range of negative consequences for the individual and society (Government Strategy Unit, 2004). The 18-24 age group, especially university students, has the highest rates of binge drinking (Goddard, 1997; Bingham et al, 2005). A review of all literature surrounding university students’ alcohol use is required for health professionals to gain comprehensive understanding of the whole phenomenon.

Methods: A review of the literature was carried out using CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO and ISI Web of Science. The keywords used were “(University students OR students) AND (alcohol OR alcohol use)”. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were established and a thematic analysis of the articles included was undertaken.

Results: Four main themes were identified from the literature search: Effects of alcohol use, current consumption rates by students, factors which influence alcohol consumption and health promotion.

Conclusions: Moderate alcohol use is generally associated with positive effects but when an individual misuses alcohol, negative consequences appear. Alcohol misuse impacts negatively on the individual and society. In the UK, the most common drinking behaviours undertaken by students is binge drinking or sensible drinking but there are also a percentage of students who drink to hazardous levels. The factors associated with these drinking behaviours were found to include biological, psychological, sociological and environmental influences. One of the most important factors found was the influence of peers. Taking the previous results into consideration, health promotion and prevention interventions were suggested using health promotion models.

Item Type: Dissertation (University of Nottingham only)
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2011 09:52
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 23:11
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/23628

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