Al-Co-Ce glass forming alloys and their corrosion behaviour

Li, Chunling (2014) Al-Co-Ce glass forming alloys and their corrosion behaviour. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

There is growing interest in Al-TM (transition metal)-RE (rare earth) amorphous alloys because of the combination of their good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. However, the high critical cooling rate required to form the amorphous structure leads to difficulties in generating bulk amorphous material. Therefore, there has been greater interest in producing amorphous Al-TM-RE alloys as surface layers. In this study, wedge mould casting, laser surface melting (LSM) and large area electron beam (LAEB) surface melting were used to fabricate Al Co-Ce alloys in both crystalline and amorphous form. An eutectic Al 33Cu (wt.%) alloy was also used to quantify the solidification conditions based on the well-known relationship.

The microstructures formed by different processes were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, image analysis and X ray and glancing angle X-ray diffraction. In particular, LAEB surface melting was found to be able to provide a sufficiently high solidification velocity for the generation of an amorphous layer on the remelted surface of bulk crystalline Al Co-Ce alloys. Experimental results show that the LAEB treatment can remelt, homogenise the multiphase crystalline starting material and generate a predominantly amorphous layer, although it also caused cracking of the treated layer. However, the cracking was largely reduced in the laser refined starting microstructure. Laser microstructural refinement also improved the homogenisation and amorphisation generated by the subsequent LAEB treatment.

The temperature field of multi-pulse LAEB irradiated Al-Co-Ce and Al-Cu alloys was numerically simulated through a finite difference method. The simulation results were generally consistent with the experimental results.

The corrosion behaviour of Al-Co-Ce alloys with different microstructures was studied through potentiodynamic polarisation tests. Al-Co-Ce amorphous layer exhibited an enhanced corrosion resistance compared to the crystalline counterpart, although cracking in the amorphous layer greatly influenced the effectiveness of the amorphous layer protecting the substrate.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Voisey, K.T.O.
McCartney, D.G.
Keywords: Amorphous alloys, Metal coating, Metallic glasses, Corrosion resistance
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering
Item ID: 14473
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2015 14:22
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2016 14:23
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/14473

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