Analysis of localized solutions in coupled Gross-Pitavskii equations

Qadir, Muhammad Irfan (2013) Analysis of localized solutions in coupled Gross-Pitavskii equations. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) have been one of the most active areas of research since their experimental birth in 1995. The complicated nature of the experiments on BECs suggests to observe them in reduced dimensions. The dependence of the collective excitations of the systems on the spatial degrees of freedom allows the study in lower dimensions. In this thesis, we first study two effectively one-dimensional parallel linearly coupled BECs in the presence of external potentials. The system is modelled by linearly coupled Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equations. In particular, we discuss the dark solitary waves and the grey-soliton-like solutions representing analogues of superconducting Josephson fluxons which we refer to as the fluxon analogue (FA) solutions. We analyze the existence, stability and time dynamics of FA solutions and coupled dark solitons in the presence of a harmonic trap. We observe that the presence of the harmonic trap destabilizes the FA solutions. However, stabilization is possible by controlling the effective linear coupling between the condensates. We also derive theoretical approximations based on variational formulations to study the dynamics of the solutions semi-analytically.

We then study multiple FA solutions and coupled dark solitons in the same settings. We examine the effects of trapping strength on the existence and stability of the localized solutions. We also consider the interactions of multiple FA solutions as well as coupled dark solitons. In addition, we determine the oscillation frequencies of the prototypical structures of two and three FA solutions using a variational approach.

Finally, we consider two effectively two-dimensional parallel coupled BECs enclosed in a double well potential. The system is modelled by two GP equations coupled by linear and nonlinear cross-phase-modulations. We study a large set of radially symmetric nonlinear solutions of the system in the focusing and defocusing cases. The relevant three principal branches, i.e. the ground state and the first two excited states, are continued as a function of either linear or nonlinear couplings. We investigate the linear stability and time evolution of these solutions in the absence and presence of a topological charge. We notice that only the chargeless or charged ground states can be stabilized by adjusting the linear or nonlinear coupling between the condensates.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Susanto, H.
Matthews, P.C.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Item ID: 13692
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 10:26
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 18:42

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