Organisational intelligence and digital government service quality: the mediating role of occupational stress among Malaysian service providers

Ramakrishnan, Subashini (2023) Organisational intelligence and digital government service quality: the mediating role of occupational stress among Malaysian service providers. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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The need to evolve and transform public service has led the public to re-think its approach, and to use technological tools to improve access, efficiency and satisfaction of users. The same scenario has also been observed in the Malaysian public sector, as to how the industrial revolution and COVID-19 pandemic have forcibly led to a greater emphasis on digitalisation initiatives. Today, with more than 50% of Malaysian public services available online (end-toend), digital service quality is to be given more emphasis, as it is the most important determinant in ensuring user satisfaction. Essentially this study seeks to broaden the knowledge of digital services quality in the public sector, due to dissimilarities with the context of the private sector. Additionally, service providers' perspectives such as back-office managementrelated strategies have not been examined to a similar extent as the customers' standpoint. It is also important to note that the role of employee well-being has received very little attention in understanding its importance to service delivery performance. Following this, the study proposed four research objectives to gain a better understanding on the mediating role of occupational stress in addressing the missing link between organisational intelligence (OI) traits, and digital government service quality.

By employing multistage cluster sampling, a total of 394 completed survey responses comprising 4 clusters, 30 federal agencies, and 143 digital services were obtained for analysis. Next, all-inclusive strategies for this study were proposed based on the triangulation approach by incorporating a) mediation analysis; b) IPMA approach and c) Tree-Map chart (participants’ feedback) and d) experts' and practitioners’ insights. In principle, OI traits collectively demonstrate a significant direct effect on occupational stress and an indirect effect on digital service quality. Hence, this study proposes areas that require greater attention in sustaining the service quality, particularly the ‘Appetite for Change and Knowledge Deployment’, ‘Alignment and Congruence’, ‘Shared Fate’ and ‘Heart’. Considering the significance of the ‘occupational stress’ factor in the proposed model, this study also presents some practical recommendations in terms of organisation-focused interventions, particularly on the ‘Leadership’, ‘Alignment and Congruence’, and ‘Heart’ to manage occupational stress. At the same time, individual-focused interventions such as training and job crafting are proposed in ensuring the psychological well-being of the service providers. This study hopes that these recommendations will serve as guidance to the Malaysian public sector in sustaining its digital government service performance in the long run.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Wong, Meng Seng
Myint, Moe Chit
Mutum, Dilip
Keywords: technology development; government quality services; digitalisation; organisational intelligence
Subjects: H Social sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Faculties/Schools: University of Nottingham, Malaysia > Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Nottingham University Business School
Item ID: 74066
Depositing User: Ramakrishnan, Subashini
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2023 04:40
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2023 04:40

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