Understanding interpersonal data management in the home

Kilic, Damla (2023) Understanding interpersonal data management in the home. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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The home is a place where personal data is increasingly collected and used, whether online or through connected devices, commensurate with the development of new data protection regulations and technology initiatives to create privacy-enhancing technologies (PETs). However, they focus on personal data and miss the interpersonal nature of data that cannot be attributed to individuals. This thesis aims to understand the interpersonal nature of personal data and the challenge of collaborative rather than individual data management in the domestic context in which a great many future ‘smart’ consumer services will be situated to inform the development of future technologies that enable the social management of personal data. Two empirical studies using multiple qualitative methodologies were conducted to address the aim of this thesis.

Probe 1: Cardboard Box study elaborated that informational privacy is not a default in the home, as a great deal of data is shared by virtue of the fact that members live together. Informational privacy is socially negotiated and established when it arises through differentially distributed rights and privileges. It also plays a social function, ensuring human security and the safety and integrity of the self as a discrete social being.

Probe 2: Negotiating access to and sharing personal data in a domestic context focused on practical issues involved in understanding the mundane dynamics in negotiating access to and sharing personal data in domestic contexts and determining who has rights and privileges over data sharing. Age, relationships and responsibilities, previous experiences, pre-existing agreements, routines, practicalities of use, perceived nature of data, technical dependency, purpose, perception of the recipient, potential/ critical circumstances, and disagreement were identified as mundane dynamics of negotiating data access and data processing in this part of the thesis. It was also found that the differential distribution of rights and privileges is moulded by the fluid dynamics of everyday living.

Probe 2 also aimed to explore the potential negotiation mechanisms enabling negotiating access to and sharing personal data in a domestic context, including collaboration and discussion, consent, purpose specification, notification, stop access to my/our data, withdrawal of consent, and taking legal action. Such mechanisms should inform the design of future PETs, to enable collaborative data management among household members.

In light of the outcomes of the investigations presented in this thesis, three main contributions are made.

1. Re-specifying privacy from a matter of individual control to a matter of social negotiation.

2. How and why current computational methods for supporting the negotiation of interpersonal privacy are not sufficient, based on the empirical evidence presented in this thesis.

3. A number of design implications are presented with regard to support for social data governance in household settings.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Crabtree, Andy
Goulden, Murray
Keywords: Personal data; Collaborative data management; Social management of data; Social data governance
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Computer Science
Item ID: 73166
Depositing User: KILIC, DAMLA
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2023 04:40
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2023 04:40
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/73166

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