Trade liberalization and the gender employment gap in China

Wang, Feicheng, Kis-Katos, Krisztina and Zhou, Minghai (2020) Trade liberalization and the gender employment gap in China. Working Paper. The University of Nottingham Ningbo China. (Unpublished)

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This paper investigates the impact of import liberalization induced labor demand shocks on male and female employment in China. Combining data from population and firm census waves over the period of 1990 to 2005, we relate prefecture-level employment by gender to the exposure to tariff reductions on locally imported products. Our empirical results show that increasing import competition has kept more females in the workforce, reducing an otherwise growing gender employment gap. These dynamics were present both in the local economies as a whole and among formal private industrial firms. Examining channels through which tariff reductions differentially affected males and females, we find that trade induced competitive pressures contributed to a general expansion of female intensive industries, shifts in sectoral gender segregation, reductions in gender discrimination in the labor market, technological upgrading through computerization and general income growth.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Keywords: Trade liberalization; Import competition; Gender employment gap; China
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Zhou, Elsie
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 01:54
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2020 03:29

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