Flexible regional economic integration in Africa: A historical look at the East African Community

Masiko, Timothy Bryan (2019) Flexible regional economic integration in Africa: A historical look at the East African Community. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Regional economic integration efforts in Africa have, over the years, yielded varied results. For the most part, they have not been as successful as hoped, often encountering crippling challenges. These challenges have been as varied as the blocs that have existed on the continent since the early colonial years. The main hindrance has been the considerably different abilities, intentions and political will with which regional economic integration has been approached. This, however, appears to have changed with the signing of the Treaty for the Establishment of the Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The AfCFTA is Africa’s most ambitious effort geared at establishing the Africa Common Market (ACM) – an aspiration pursued incrementally since 1980.

In this thesis, I examine the relationship between flexible regional economic integration in the East African Community (EAC), through its application of variable geometry, and the establishment of AfCFTA as a continent-wide form of integration. I argue that the use of flexible integration in the EAC is at the same time affected by, and has an effect on, the pace of regional economic integration in Africa. I use a historical, political, legal and economic analysis of the processes that led to the adoption of flexible regional integration in Africa, with particular regard to the EAC. This is done in the inescapable context of pan-Africanism, showing how regional integration efforts in Africa have been based on pan-Africanist ideals, and how an evolution of these ideals has led to an evolution in the goals of integration. I argue that indeed, flexible economic integration is inherently pan-African, and I make the case for its regulated application.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Footer, Mary
La Chimia, Annamaria
Keywords: International economic law, Africa, pan-Africanism Pan-African studies, East African Community, flexible regional economic integration, variable geometry, legal history, African economic law, regional integration, integration theory
Subjects: K Law > KQ Africa
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Social Sciences, Law and Education > School of Law
Item ID: 56763
Depositing User: Masiko, Timothy
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 11:10
Last Modified: 21 May 2023 04:30
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/56763

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