Positive emotion enhances association-memory

Madan, Christopher R., Scott, Sarah M.E. and Kensinger, Elizabeth A. (2018) Positive emotion enhances association-memory. Emotion . ISSN 1931-1516

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The influence of emotion on association-memory is often attributed to arousal, but negative stimuli are typically used to test for these effects. While prior studies of negative emotion on association-memory have found impairments, theories suggest that positive emotion may have a distinct effect on memory, and may lead to enhanced association-memory. Here we tested participants’ memory for pairs of positive and neutral words using cued recall, supplemented with a mathematical modeling approach designed to disentangle item- versus association-memory effects that may otherwise confound cued-recall performance. We consistently found enhanced association-memory due to positive emotion. These results provide further evidence that positive information is processed differently than negative and that, when examining association formation, valence as well as arousal must be considered.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/928942
Additional Information: © American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/emo0000465.
Keywords: valence; association-memory; emotion; arousal; positive emotion ; memory
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000465
Depositing User: Madan, Christopher
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2018 10:07
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:33
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/51431

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