Experimental and numerical analysis of dynamic compressive response of Nomex honeycombs

Zhang, Yuwu, Liu, Tao and Tizani, Walid (2018) Experimental and numerical analysis of dynamic compressive response of Nomex honeycombs. Composites Part B: Engineering, 148 . pp. 27-39. ISSN 1359-8368

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Lightweight phenolic resin-impregnated aramid paper honeycombs, commercially known as Nomex®honeycombs, are promising cores for sandwich structures in aerospace applications due to their high ratios of stiffness and strength to density. The out-of-plane compressive properties of the Nomex honeycombs have been widely investigated under quasi-static and low strain rates (up to 300 s-1). There is a need to understand the behaviour of this structure under higher strain rate compression. This will widen the applicability of these structures to more areas such as debris impact and other impacts which induce high strain rates. This paper reports the out-of-plane compressive responses of Nomex honeycombs subject to quasi-static loading and high strain rate dynamic loading up to 1500 s-1. The work involves experimental measurements and numerical modelling and validation. The compressive responses of the honeycombs were measured using a sensitive magnesium alloy Kolsky bar setup with front and back face impacts. The failure modes of the Nomex honeycombs were identified to be different under quasi-static and dynamic compressions. Under quasi-static compression, the honeycombs failed with local phenolic resin fracture after the elastic buckling of the honeycomb walls. For the dynamic compression, the honeycombs failed with the stubbing of cell walls at the ends of specimens. A finite element (FE) numerical model was devised and validated with the experimental data. The FE model considered the strain rate effect of phenolic resin material. The model predictions were in good agreement with the experimental measurements and facilitated interpreting the out-of-plane compressive response of the Nomex honeycombs. It was shown that there was a linear compressive strength enhancement up to 30% from quasi-static to strain rate of 1500 s-1. The strength enhancement was governed by two mechanisms: the strain rate effect of the phenolic resin and inertial stabilization of the honeycomb unit cell walls, where 61%-74% of the enhancement was contributed by the inertial stabilization of the unit cell walls. In addition, it was shown that the impact method and initial imperfections had negligible effect on the compressive response of the Nomex honeycombs.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/949587
Keywords: Nomex honeycombs, dynamic compression, finite element analysis, inertial stabilization, strain rate effect
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.04.025
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2018 08:49
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:48
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/51337

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