Identifying potential RNA editing sites from RNA-Sequencing data from human brain tissue

North, Francesca Louise (2018) Identifying potential RNA editing sites from RNA-Sequencing data from human brain tissue. MRes thesis, University of Nottingham.

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RNA A-to-I editing; carried out by the family of adenosine deaminase acting on RNA (ADAR) proteins, is the most common type of RNA editing in vertebrates. It can lead to the disruption of protein synthesis or structure, as well as changes in both the coding and non-coding sequence of the RNA. This can lead to the development of many diseases, and when present in the brain, contribute to the onset of conditions such as depression, epilepsy, schizophrenia, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (Kwak and Kawahara, 2005, Maas et al., 2006). The aim of this project was to develop a bioinformatics pipeline to identify potential A-to-I RNA editing sites from RNA sequencing data. A number of identified sites were then verified using PCR and Sanger Sequencing to test the stringency of the pipeline. A site identified as likely to be a false positive due to sequencing error was confirmed as such. Two other sites that were likely to be false positive were also confirmed to be false positive and one true editing site was verified. This project shows that RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) data provides a good basis for the prediction of potential editing sites from the transcriptome with a good bioinformatics pipeline. However, it seems using reference genomic sequence data lacks the specificity of using exome or whole genome data generated from the same samples as the RNA sequence, therefore leading to a number of false positives.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (MRes)
Supervisors: Morgan, Kevin
Chappell, Sally
Keywords: RNA, RNA-Sequencing, RNA Editing, Human Brain.
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history. Biology > QH426 Genetics
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Item ID: 50506
Depositing User: North, Francesca
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2018 04:40
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 08:46

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