Analysis, modeling, and design considerations for the excitation systems of synchronous generators

Nuzzo, Stefano, Galea, Michael, Gerada, C. and Brown, Neil (2018) Analysis, modeling, and design considerations for the excitation systems of synchronous generators. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 65 (4). pp. 2996-3007. ISSN 1557-9948

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The traditional generating set is usually comprised of a classical, wound-field, salient-pole or cylindrical rotor synchronous generator, excited by a separate smaller machine, via a rotating, uncontrolled diode rectifier. The effects of the commutation processes of the diode bridge are often overlooked and neglected. However due to the uncontrolled nature of this process, the rectified voltage available at the main generator’s rotor terminals can be significantly lower than the expected value. This is especially true for low-to-medium power rated systems.

In this paper, a detailed investigation of these aspects is done and an accurate voltage drop prediction model is then proposed. The model is validated with finite element analysis and with experimental results for a particular low-medium rated generating system in the 400kVA power range. The validated tool is then integrated into an innovative design tool, which first performs an analytical pre-sizing procedure and then utilizes a genetic algorithm approach to identify an optimal excitation system design, aimed at minimizing the voltage drop ensuing from the diode commutations, with minimum impact on the overall efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: c2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Keywords: Excitation systems; Synchronous generators; Diode commutations; Rotating rectifier
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Burns, Rebecca
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2018 13:25
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:34

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