Exploitation of low value food materials as a novel source of flavour enhancers

Xia, Wei (2017) Exploitation of low value food materials as a novel source of flavour enhancers. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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There is demand from the food industry for novel savoury seasonings based on low-cost food ingredients, sourced from within the EU. A nucleotide and protein rich spray dried powder which was derived from a Fusarium venenatum fermenter waste stream and food-grade Alphitobius diaperinus with potential as a savoury flavour enhancer was evaluated.

Enzymatic digestion of these two raw materials as a source of flavour precursors was evaluated. Serial enzyme combinations, enzyme dosages, sequence of enzyme application, pH, temperature and length of digestion for the liberation of amino acids and nucleotides were optimised for the liberation of taste active compounds.

For amino acids, free glutamine (GLN) and glutamic acid (GLU) could be enhanced using a combination of peptidases on both raw materials. Digesting a spray dried powder derived from the fermenter waste stream of Fusarium venenatum with exopeptidase (1% Flavourzyme TM), resulted in an improved yield of GLN (from 0.1 mg/g to 28.9 mg/g powder) and GLU (from 1.71 mg/g to 5.98 mg/g powder). For milled Alphitobius diaperinus, mixed use of exopeptidase (1% Flavourzyme TM) and endopeptidase (2% Alcalase 1.4-fold increased yield of GLU (17.5 mg/g powder) and 1.7-fold increased yield of GLN (1.2 mg/g) as best production was obtained.

For nucleotides, digestions of the waste stream with a yeast lytic enzyme (YL-TLTM) followed by a nuclease (RP-1GTM) resulted in the highest 5’-guanosine monophosphate (GMP) and 5’-adenosine monophosphate (AMP) production. Specifically, a 2% and 0.05% treatment by YL-TLTM and RP-1GTM respectively was shown to be optimal, followed by a 0.05% DeamizymeTM treatment for the conversion of AMP to 5’-Inosinic acid (IMP) of 38 mg/g. For the solid digestion of Alphitobius diaperinus, being treated with a nuclease tretment (2% RP-1GTM) followed by a 0.2% DeamizymeTM treatment for the conversion of AMP to IMP, resulted in the highest GMP yield, a 3.5-fold increased (2.6mg/g), and 7.8-fold increased IMP (4.7mg/g) production.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Fisk, Ian
Linforth, R
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP 368 Food processing and manufacture
T Technology > TX Home economics
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences
Item ID: 48128
Depositing User: Xia, Wei
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2018 13:15
Last Modified: 06 May 2020 12:17
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/48128

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