FOXP1 expression correlates with better prognosis in invasive breast cancer including the ER-positive luminal subtype

Joseph, C., Craze, Madeleine L., Nolan, C.C., Diez-Rodriguez, Maria, Green, Andrew R., Rakha, Emad, Ellis, Ian O. and Mukherjee, A. (2017) FOXP1 expression correlates with better prognosis in invasive breast cancer including the ER-positive luminal subtype. In: Belfast Pathology 2017: 10th Joint Meeting of the British Division of the International Academy of Pathology and the Pathological Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 20-23 June 2017, Belfast , United Kingdom.

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Background: Fork head box P1 (FOXP1) is a FOX family transcription factor influencing ERα;-regulated transcription by interaction with the ERα; related pioneer factor FOXA1. Altered FOXP1 expression is seen in breast and prostate cancers. This study investigated FOXP1 at the protein level in breast cancer (BC) and examined associations with clinicopathological and molecular features.

Methods: FOXP1 mRNA expression was investigated in the METABRIC BC cohort (n=1980) and validated using online expression datasets [bc-GenExMiner v4.0]. Protein expression was studied in a well characterised BC primary series (n=621) using immunohistochemistry and correlations made with clinicopathological parameters and outcome.

Results: High FOXP1 mRNA and protein expression was significantly associated with low grade, low NPI, positive ER/PR status, lobular BCs, low Ki67 and negative Her2 status (p<0.001). Within PAM50 subtypes, high FOXP1 expression was associated with Luminal A BCs and good prognosis integrative clusters (IC3 and IC8). Nuclear FOXP1 (n-FOXP1) protein positively associated with luminal markers: CARM1, RERG and FOXA1 (p<0.05).

Negative association with PIK3 (p=0.023) indicates a possible dual role whereby n-FOXP1 reduces EGFR-mediated ligand-independent ER activation, but enhances AKT mediated activation. Positive correlations with GATA3, STAT3 and CDC42 (p<0.001), suggest interacting pathways. On univariate analysis, n-FOXP1 overexpression showed better long term outcome in the whole cohort and ER+ subgroups (p<0.05). Pooled FOXP1 gene expression data in the ER+ external validation cohort showed similar association with better outcome even when adjusted for NPI/proliferation (p<0.001).

Conclusions: Higher n-FOXP1 correlated with low grade ER positive BCs and spelt better prognosis with increased long-term survival. The marker may be helpful to distinguish between good versus poor prognosis luminal A tumours.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Cancer and Stem Cells
Depositing User: Mukherjee, Abhik
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2017 08:56
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 22:30

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