Necessary conditions for breathers on continuous media to approximate breathers on discrete lattices

Smith, Warren and Wattis, Jonathan (2015) Necessary conditions for breathers on continuous media to approximate breathers on discrete lattices. European Journal of Applied Mathematics, 27 (1). pp. 23-41. ISSN 1469-4425

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We start by considering the sine-Gordon partial differential equation (PDE with an arbitrary perturbation. Using the method of Kuzmak-Luke, we investigate those conditions the perturbation must satisfy in order for a breather solution to be a valid leading-order asymptotic approximation to the perturbed problem. We analyse the cases of both stationary and moving breathers. As examples, we consider perturbing terms which include typical linear damping, periodic sinusoidal driving, and dispersion caused by higher order spatial derivatives. The motivation for this study is that the mathematical modelling of physical systems, often leads to the discrete sine-Gordon system of ODEs which are then approximated in the long wavelength limit by the continuous sine-Gordon PDE. Such limits typically produce fourth-order spatial derivatives as higher order correction terms. The new results show that the stationary breather solution is a consistent solution of both the quasi-continuum SG equation and the forced/damped SG system. However, the moving breather is only a consistent solution of the quasi- continuum SG equation and not the damped SG system.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: singular perturbations, breathers, sine-Gordon equation
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Wattis, Jonathan
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2017 11:04
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 17:10

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