Population density equations for stochastic processes with memory kernels

Lai, Yi Ming and de Kamps, Marc (2017) Population density equations for stochastic processes with memory kernels. Physical Review E, 95 . 062125/1-062125/11. ISSN 2470-0053

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We present a method for solving population density equations (PDEs)–-a mean-field technique describing homogeneous populations of uncoupled neurons—where the populations can be subject to non-Markov noise for arbitrary distributions of jump sizes. The method combines recent developments in two different disciplines that traditionally have had limited interaction: computational neuroscience and the theory of random networks. The method uses a geometric binning scheme, based on the method of characteristics, to capture the deterministic neurodynamics of the population, separating the deterministic and stochastic process cleanly. We can independently vary the choice of the deterministic model and the model for the stochastic process, leading to a highly modular numerical solution strategy. We demonstrate this by replacing the master equation implicit in many formulations of the PDE formalism by a generalization called the generalized Montroll-Weiss equation—a recent result from random network theory—describing a random walker subject to transitions realized by a non-Markovian process. We demonstrate the method for leaky- and quadratic-integrate and fire neurons subject to spike trains with Poisson and gamma-distributed interspike intervals. We are able to model jump responses for both models accurately to both excitatory and inhibitory input under the assumption that all inputs are generated by one renewal process.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/867314
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.95.062125
Depositing User: Lai, Yi
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 12:10
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 18:51
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43904

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