Controlled release of GAG-binding enhanced transduction (GET) peptides for sustained and highly efficient intracellular delivery

Abu-Awwad, Hosam Al-Deen M., Thiagarajan, Lalitha and Dixon, James E. (2017) Controlled release of GAG-binding enhanced transduction (GET) peptides for sustained and highly efficient intracellular delivery. Acta Biomaterialia, 57 . pp. 225-237. ISSN 1878-7568

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Controlled release systems for therapeutic molecules are vital to allow the sustained local delivery of their activities which direct cell behaviour and enable novel regenerative strategies. Direct programming of cells using exogenously delivered transcription factors can by-pass growth factor signalling but there is still a requirement to deliver such activity spatio-temporally. We previously developed a technology termed GAG-binding enhanced transduction (GET) to efficiently deliver a variety of cargoes intracellularly, using GAG-binding domains which promote cell targeting, and cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) which allow cell entry. Herein we demonstrate that GET system can be used in controlled release systems to mediate sustained intracellular transduction over one week. We assessed the stability and activity of GET peptides in poly(dl-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles (MPs) prepared using a S/O/W double emulsion method. Efficient encapsulation (∼65%) and tailored protein release profiles could be achieved, however intracellular transduction was significantly inhibited post-release. To retain GET peptide activity we optimized a strategy of co-encapsulation of l-Histidine, which may form a complex with the PLGA degradation products under acidic conditions. Simulations of the polymer microclimate showed that hydrolytic acidic PLGA degradation products directly inhibited GET peptide transduction activity, and use of l-Histidine significantly enhanced released protein delivery. The ability to control the intracellular transduction of functional proteins into cells will facilitate new localized delivery methods and allow approaches to direct cellular behaviour for many regenerative medicine applications.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Intracellular transduction; Controlled release; GAG-binding enhanced transduction (GET); CPP; PLGA; l-Histidine
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
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Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2017 15:40
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 18:55

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