High speed deformation and break-up of shaped charge jets

Welsh, B.S. (1993) High speed deformation and break-up of shaped charge jets. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Jets resulting from shaped charges which contain metal liners are able to penetrate hard or armoured targets. Their penetration performance is related to the density of the jet and target material and also the length to which the jet can elongate. Models that describe the processes involved have generally assumed hydrodynamic fluid flow and as such have been very successful in most cases. However, the break-up of jets has proved to be inconsistent with the fluid flow models and cannot be accurately described. Break-up is important since it is the final phenomenon in tensile deformation and therefore represents the limiting extent of jet elongation. Additionally, following break-up the jet fragments are particularly susceptible to lateral velocities and tumbling which dissipate the jets energy and further reduce its penetration performance.

Research by Hunting Engineering Limited has indicated that mechanical properties are related to the jet break-up phenomena. However, the deformation and break-up of shaped charge jets is not well understood from a metallurgical point of view. It is essential that the jet is in the solid state for jet break-up phenomena to be related to the mechanical properties of the liner material. This has been demonstrated here by theoretical analysis and more directly by observation of in-flight and captured jet fragments.

A series of experiments have been carried out in order to measure and analyse the deformation and attempt to put forward models for the break-up mechanisms in shaped charge jets. These were based upon a series of selected aluminium and aluminium alloys which were processed and heat treated to produce a range of mechanical properties. The properties under consideration are those which describe the materials strength, elongation and work hardening characteristics at intermediate strain rates under laboratory conditions. These have been used to relate metallurgical details to the nature of jet break-up. The better materials for shaped charge jets would appear to be high purity metals which exhibit large ductility through to fracture.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Harris, S.
Leach, J.S.L.
Keywords: Shaped charges, Alloys, Testing, Surfaces, Deformation of
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering
Item ID: 42489
Depositing User: Airey, Ms Valerie
Date Deposited: 04 May 2017 08:28
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2017 15:44
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42489

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