A multiwavelength exploration of the [C II]/IR ratio in H-ATLAS/GAMA galaxies out to z = 0.2

Ibar, E., Lara-Lopez, M.A., Herrera-Camus, R., Hopwood, R., Bauer, A., Ivison, R.J., Micha owski, M.J., Dannerbauer, H., van der Werf, P., Riechers, D., Bourne, N., Baes, M., Valtchanov, I., Dunne, L., Verma, A., Brough, S., Cooray, A., De Zotti, G., Dye, S., Eales, S., Furlanetto, C., Maddox, S., Smith, M., Steele, O., Thomas, D. and Valiante, E. (2015) A multiwavelength exploration of the [C II]/IR ratio in H-ATLAS/GAMA galaxies out to z = 0.2. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 449 (3). pp. 2498-2513. ISSN 1365-2966

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We explore the behaviour of [C ii] λ157.74 μm forbidden fine-structure line observed in a sample of 28 galaxies selected from ∼ 50 deg2 of the Herschel-Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey survey. The sample is restricted to galaxies with flux densities higher than S160 μm > 150 mJy and optical spectra from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly survey at 0.02 < z < 0.2. Far-IR spectra centred on this redshifted line were taken with the Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer instrument on-board the Herschel Space Observatory. The galaxies span 10 < log(LIR/L⊙) < 12 (where LIR ≡ LIR[8-1000 μm]) and 7.3<log(L[CII]/L⊙)<9.3, covering a variety of optical galaxy morphologies. The sample exhibits the so-called [C ii] deficit at high-IR luminosities, i.e. L[CII]/LIR (hereafter [C ii]/IR) decreases at high LIR. We find significant differences between those galaxies presenting [C ii]/IR >2.5 × 10−3 with respect to those showing lower ratios. In particular, those with high ratios tend to have: (1) LIR <1011 L⊙; (2) cold dust temperatures, Td < 30 K; (3) disc-like morphologies in r-band images; (4) a Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer colour 0.5 ≲ S12 μm/S22 μm ≲ 1.0; (5) low surface brightness ΣIR ≈ 108–9 L⊙ kpc−2, (6) and specific star formation rates of sSFR ≈0.05–3 Gyr−1. We suggest that the strength of the far-UV radiation fields (〈GO〉) is main parameter responsible for controlling the [C ii]/IR ratio. It is possible that relatively high 〈GO〉 creates a positively charged dust grain distribution, impeding an efficient photoelectric extraction of electrons from these grains to then collisionally excite carbon atoms. Within the brighter IR population, 11 < log(L IR/L⊙) < 12, the low [C ii]/IR ratio is unlikely to be modified by [C ii] self-absorption or controlled by the presence of a moderately luminous AGN (identified via the BPT diagram).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Keywords: ISM: evolution, ISM: lines and bands, galaxies: starburst, infrared: ISM
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv439
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 10:55
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 01:00
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42364

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