Shape dependence of Vainshtein screening

Bloomfield, Jolyon K., Burrage, Clare and Davis, Anne-Christine (2015) Shape dependence of Vainshtein screening. Physical Review D, D91 (8). 083510/1-083510/10. ISSN 2470-0029

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Scalar field theories that possess a Vainshtein mechanism are able to dynamically suppress the associated fifth forces in the presence of massive sources through derivative nonlinearities. The resulting equations of motion for the scalar are highly nonlinear, and therefore very few analytic solutions are known. Here, we present a brief investigation of the structure of Vainshtein screening in symmetrical configurations, focusing in particular on the spherical, cylindrical and planar solutions that are relevant for observations of the cosmic web. We consider Vainshtein screening in both the Galileon model, where the nonlinear terms involve second derivatives of the scalar, and a k-essence theory, where the nonlinear terms involve only first derivatives of the scalar. We find that screening, and consequently the suppression of the scalar force, is most efficient around spherical sources, weaker around cylindrical sources and can be absent altogether around planar sources.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Burrage, Clare
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2017 13:07
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 17:07

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