Job and worker turnover in German establishments

Bellmann, Lutz and Gerner, Hans-Dieter and Upward, Richard (2018) Job and worker turnover in German establishments. Manchester School, 86 (4). pp. 417-445. ISSN 1467-9957

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We use a simple non-parametric regression approach to measure the relationship between employment growth, hirings and separations in a large panel of German establishments over the period 1993--2014. Although it is often claimed that firms in Europe have less flexibility in their ability to hire and fire, we find that the relationship between employment growth and worker flows in German establishments is very similar to the behaviour of US establishments. The relationship is stable over time, even during the 2008-09 economic crisis, and across different types of establishment. We verify our results with independent measures from administrative data. We suggest that this result is due to: the strong relationship between employment reductions and voluntary separations; the low level of "churning"; and the heterogeneity of jobs within establishments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bellmann, L., Gerner, H.-D. and Upward, R. (2017), Job and Worker Turnover in German Establishments. The Manchester School. doi:10.1111/manc.12187 which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Job turnover, Worker turnover, Hirings and separations
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Upward, Dr Richard
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 08:26
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:43

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