Validation of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale – II

Zalta, Alyson K., Allred, Kelly M., Jayawickreme, Eranda, Blackie, Laura E.R. and Chambless, Dianne L. (2017) Validation of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale – II. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 73 (10). pp. 1327-1342. ISSN 1097-4679

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Objective: To develop a more reliable and comprehensive version of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale (PFMS).

Method: In Study 1, 387 undergraduates completed an expanded PFMS (PFMS-II) and measures of parenting, perceived control, responses to early life challenges, and psychopathology. In Study 2, 182 trauma-exposed community participants completed the PFMSII and measures of perceived control, psychopathology, and well-being.

Results: In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis of the PFMS-II revealed two factors. These factors replicated in Study 2; one item was removed to achieve measurement invariance across race. The final PFMS-II consisted of a ten-item overprotection scale and a seven-item challenge scale. In both samples, this measure demonstrated good convergent and discriminant validity and was more reliable than the original PFMS. Parental challenge was a unique predictor of perceived control in both samples.

Conclusions: The PFMS-II is a valid measure of important parenting behaviors not fully captured in other measures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Zalta, A. K., Allred, K. M., Jayawickreme, E., Blackie, L. E. R. and Chambless, D. L. (2016), Validation of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale–II. J. Clin. Psychol.. doi:10.1002/jclp.22416 which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Parenting; Overprotection; Challenge; Mastery; Self-efficacy
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Blackie, Laura
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2016 12:06
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:55

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