Combining ‘‘real effort’’ with induced effort costs: the ball-catching task

Gaechter, Simon, Huang, Lingbo and Sefton, Martin (2016) Combining ‘‘real effort’’ with induced effort costs: the ball-catching task. Experimental Economics, 19 (4). pp. 687-712. ISSN 1386-4157

PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (2MB) | Preview


We introduce the “ball-catching task”, a novel computerized task, which combines a tangible action (“catching balls”) with induced material cost of effort. The central feature of the ball-catching task is that it allows researchers to manipulate the cost of effort function as well as the production function, which permits quantitative predictions on effort provision. In an experiment with piece-rate incentives we find that the comparative static and the point predictions on effort provision are remarkably accurate. We also present experimental findings from three classic experiments, namely, team production, gift exchange and tournament, using the task. All of the results are closely in line with the stylized facts from experiments using purely induced values. We conclude that the ball-catching task combines the advantages of real effort tasks with the use of induced values, which is useful for theory-testing purposes as well as for applications.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Real effort task, Piece-rate theory, Team incentives, Gift exchange, Tournaments, Online real effort experiment
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Gaechter, Simon
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2015 10:39
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 12:45

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View