Advanced ROCOF protection of distribution systems

Liu, Bohan (2012) Advanced ROCOF protection of distribution systems. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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When islanding occurs, power supply from the main grid is interrupted which causes a problem when distributed generators continue to provide power into distributed networks. An islanding situation should be detected accurately soon after the island is formed. Because failure to trip the islanded distributed resource can lead to a number of problems for the resource and the connected load. Although ROCOF islanding detection method is the most commonly employed anti-islanding protection technique, it provides fast detection and easily implementation. It is sensitive to the system disturbance. Therefore, the application of the ROCOF relay to detect system islanding has been limited.

This thesis proposes a solution to enhance the performance of the ROCOF relay by cooperation with rate of change of power or v2/p interlock function. During system load variation, the false operation of ROCOF relay can be blocked effectively. It is validated by applied in grid-connected synchronous generator, Doubly-fed Induction generator (both simulation and experiment) and microgrid. The principle of rate of change of power or v2/p interlock function are presented in this thesis. The new interlock function v2/p with ROCOF relays works well for different types of DGs within a short detection time without introducing perturbation into the system, which are the advantages over other active and hybrid islanding detection methods. The performances characteristics of ROCOF relays for DGs islanding detection (i.e. frequency measuring methods, measuring windows, generator inertia constant, relay settings and load power factor) are investigated. In addition, two other islanding detection methods (impedance measurement (active method) and the Total Harmonic Method) are applied to the grid-connected DFIG distributed system, the comparison and effectiveness of these two methods utilized in islanding and load changing conditions are also discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Thomas, D.W.P.
Woolfson, M.S.
Keywords: Electric power distribution systems, Power supply interruption, Islanding detection
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK3001 Distribution or transmission of electric power
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Item ID: 14344
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2014 10:20
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2017 17:46

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