Dynamic manipulations of interacting 1d Bose gases

Aviv, Gal (2014) Dynamic manipulations of interacting 1d Bose gases. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Atom chips are a great tool for creation of low dimensional magnetic trapping geometries via micro-structures on the chip surface. Such structures allow the creation of time-dependent magnetic and electric potentials with highly accurate spatial and temporal dependency.

As part of this thesis we have investigated the coherence dynamics in one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate while creating a sudden change in the atomic trapping potential. Such sudden changes create phase perturbations of the wave function, which leads to density perturbations. Analyzing these changes enables studies of the evolution of the coherence in a one-dimensional Bose gas with dynamically changing boundary conditions. Of particular interest is the study of prethermalization which can be understood in an integrable systems as so-called generalized Gibbs state. This state does not decay, but in case that there are perturbations that break integrability, this state relaxes further to a thermal state.

To get a good understanding of such 1D systems we first investigated the transition from 3D to 1D Bose gas by observing both in situ and time of flight density profiles and analyzing the spatial variations in atom number as a function of temperature, geometry, and atomic density.

High quality imaging is essential in these types of atomic physics experiments, and therefore a whole chapter is devoted to a new optimization method of absorption imaging. In this method we have taken into account the quantum nature of both the atomic medium and imaging light.

Last, we have outlined an experiment that utilizes one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate as an analogue model of quantum field theory, in particular the dynamical Casimir effect and Hawking radiation. We do so by dynamically splitting a condensate along its long axis to a Y-like shape and measure the differential phase between the branches.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Krüger, P.
Fernholz, T.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Item ID: 14138
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2014 10:37
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2017 00:48
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/14138

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