Computational fluid dynamics and fluid structure interaction of yacht sails

Paton, Jonathan (2011) Computational fluid dynamics and fluid structure interaction of yacht sails. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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This thesis focuses on the numerical simulation of yacht sails using both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and fluid structure interaction (FSI) modelling.

The modelling of yacht sails using RANS based CFD and the SST turbulence model is justified with validation against wind tunnel studies (Collie, 2005; Wilkinson, 1983). The CFD method is found to perform well, with the ability to predict flow separation, velocity and pressure profiles satisfactorily. This work is extended to look into multiple sail interaction and the impact of the mast upon performance.

A FSI solution is proposed next, coupling viscous RANS based CFD and a structural code capable of modelling anistropic laminate sails (RELAX, 2009). The aim of this FSI solution is to offer the ability to investigate sails' performance and flying shapes more accurately than with current methods. The FSI solution is validated with the comparison to flying shapes of offwind sails from a bespoke wind tunnel experiment carried out at the University of Nottingham. The method predicted offwind flying shapes to a greater level of accuracy than previous methods.

Finally the CFD and FSI solution described here above is showcased and used to model a full scale Volvo Open 70 racing yacht, including multiple offwind laminate sails, mast, hull, deck and twisted wind profile. The model is used to demonstrate the potential of viscous CFD and FSI to predict performance and aid in the design of high performance sails and yachts. The method predicted flying shapes and performance through a range of realistic sail trims providing valuable data for crews, naval architects and sail designers.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Morvan, H.P.
Smith, M.J.
Keywords: Fluid-structure interaction, Anistropic laminate sails, Sail performance
Subjects: V Naval science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Item ID: 14036
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2014 10:46
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 16:59

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