Uneven human capital development in contemporary China: a non-monetary perspective on regional and gender inequality

Su, Fang (2011) Uneven human capital development in contemporary China: a non-monetary perspective on regional and gender inequality. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Regional inequality is one of the most challenging issues facing China in the coming decade. Whilst this matter can be approached from different angles; mainstream scholars have tended to examine this issue by way of monetary measurement (e.g. GDP or income per capita). This study draws attention to the non-monetary aspect in order to shed new light on regional inequality.

Accordingly, this research focuses on the gaps and trends of human capital development, a key non-monetary index proxying for regional inequality in transitional China. Taking education and health status as two key indicators, in particular, this research aims to trace the trends in regional inequality over the last two decades, investigate to what extent those two dimensions can help to identify and integrate factors behind regional disparities, and to analyse some profound policies and implications.

Based upon official educational and health status statistics at provincial level, this study develops a model to exam regional disparity between the three economic development zones from 1990 to 2005. Main findings are that different perspectives of regional inequality bring out different consequences; from the viewpoint of human capital development, regional inequality presents positive findings in uneven development. Secondly, causes of development are fairly diverse and different measurements may significantly vary outcomes. Thirdly, uneven development is a spontaneous phenomenon underlying development, which over varying lengths of time may have stimulated economic growth in a positive way. Finally, limitations are discussed associated with policy implications.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Morgan, S.
Yao, S.
Keywords: Human capital, Regional disparities, China
Subjects: H Social sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Social Sciences, Law and Education > School of Contemporary Chinese Studies
Item ID: 12305
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2012 10:14
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 07:32
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/12305

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