Discrete breathers in a two-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice

Butt, Imran A and Wattis, Jonathan AD (2006) Discrete breathers in a two-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice. Journal of Physics. A, Mathematical and General, 39 . pp. 4955-4984. ISSN 0305-4470

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Abstract

Using asymptotic methods, we investigate whether discrete

breathers are supported by a two-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice. A scalar (one-component) two-dimensional

Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice is shown to model the charge stored

within an electrical transmission lattice. A third-order multiple-scale analysis in the semi-discrete limit fails, since at this order, the lattice equations reduce to the (2+1)-dimensional cubic nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation which does not support stable soliton solutions for the breather envelope. We therefore extend

the analysis to higher order and find a generalised

$(2+1)$-dimensional NLS equation which incorporates higher order dispersive and nonlinear terms as perturbations. We find an ellipticity criterion for the wave numbers of the carrier wave. Numerical simulations suggest that both stationary and moving breathers are supported by the system. Calculations of the energy show the expected threshold behaviour whereby the energy of breathers does {\em not} go to zero with the amplitude; we find

that the energy threshold is maximised by stationary breathers, and becomes arbitrarily small as the boundary of the domain of ellipticity is approached.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Depositing User: Wattis, Jonathan
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2008 15:52
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2011 14:35
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/932

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