Identification of pro- and anti- apoptotic BCL-2 proteins biomarkers for colorectal cancer cells: a comprehensive in-silico computational analysis

Kong, Amanda Shen Yee (2024) Identification of pro- and anti- apoptotic BCL-2 proteins biomarkers for colorectal cancer cells: a comprehensive in-silico computational analysis. MRes thesis, University of Nottingham.

[img] PDF (Thesis - as examined) - Repository staff only until 30 June 2025. Subsequently available to Anyone - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (6MB)


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multifaceted disease characterized by abnormal cell proliferation within the colon and rectum. The BCL-2 family proteins have been implicated in the pathogenesis of CRC, but the impact of genetic variations within these proteins remains elusive. In this in-silico study, we employed diverse sequence and structure-based bioinformatic tools to distinguish potentially pathogenic nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) in BCL-2 family proteins from neutral variants. Leveraging computational tools including SIFT, PolyPhen-2, SNPs&GO, PhD-SNP, PANTHER, and Condel, we predicted 94 nsSNPs as deleterious, damaging, and disease-associated by at least five tools. Further stability analysis using I-Mutant2.0, MutPred, and PredictSNP revealed 31 nsSNPs that induce decreased protein stability. Conservation analysis identified rs960653284, rs758817904, rs1466732626, rs569276903, rs746711568, rs764437421, rs779690846, and rs2038330314 as highly functional and exposed, while rs376149674, rs1375767408, rs1582066443, rs367558446, rs367558446, rs1319541919, and rs1370070128 were considered structural and buried. Subsequently, we explored the structural consequences of these nsSNPs through the assessment of ligand binding energies using molecular docking. Notably, G233D, R102C, and R102P exhibited increased binding affinity towards d-Alpha-Tocopherol and Tocotrienol, suggesting less favourable protein-ligand interactions compared to the wild-type. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive analysis of functional nsSNPs in BCL-2 family proteins. We consign confidence that this study holds great promise for future large-scale population-based investigations, provides insights into drug repurposing, and holds potential for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities targeting CRC.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (MRes)
Supervisors: Loh, Sandy Hwei San
Maran, Sathiya
Lai, Kok Song
Keywords: colorectal cancer, BCL2 family proteins, nsSNPs, in-silico analysis, diagnostic markers, therapeutic interventions
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history. Biology > QH573 Cytology
Faculties/Schools: University of Nottingham, Malaysia > Faculty of Science and Engineering — Science > School of Biosciences
Item ID: 76734
Depositing User: Kong, Amanda
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2024 04:40
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2024 04:40

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View