Spinal processing of somatosensory information in the developing dorsal horn

Battell, Emma Elizabeth (2022) Spinal processing of somatosensory information in the developing dorsal horn. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Somatosensory processing is immature at birth and significant changes occur during postnatal development throughout the neuroaxis, which produce mature processing of these sensory modalities. There is increasing evidence that disruptions to normal development are associated with an increased risk of developing pain-related conditions in adulthood. As the spinal dorsal horn is a key integrative centre in the somatosensory system, fully understanding how the processing of peripheral stimulation matures at this site is undoubtedly beneficial. Previous research into postnatal maturation of the physiological responses of the dorsal horn predominantly relied upon single-unit electrophysiology and has demonstrated multiple critical periods of development over the first four postnatal weeks in rats. However, as the dorsal horn is very heterogeneous, with distinct roles for each of the laminae, we propose that investigating the development of the whole dorsal horn requires a broader approach which is not achievable from just measuring the activity in single neurons. Therefore, the aim of this thesis was to use spinal multielectrode array (MEA) electrophysiology, developed in our laboratory, in postnatal rats. This would enable the simultaneous study of all laminae of the dorsal horn across postnatal development, but also in rats which are older than those normally used in pre-clinical pain research, allowing changes across the whole life course to be investigated.

Studies were conducted using a range of peripheral stimulation modalities including, thermal, mechanical, and electrical stimulations, applied to the ipsilateral footpad to the MEA recording, as well as protocols designed to study inhibitory modulation and dorsal horn plasticity. Clear differences in evoked activity occurred between dorsal horn regions following peripheral stimulation, predominantly matching the excepted response profiles. Dorsal horn processing of A-fibre stimulation showed maturation over the first three postnatal weeks and increased conduction velocities until adulthood. Although C-fibre processing was present by the second postnatal week dorsal horn responses continued to increase until adulthood. Similarly, wind-up of dorsal horn neurons, a preclinical model of synaptic plasticity, was also significantly increased in postnatal rats (Postnatal day (P)9-30) compared to adults. Interestingly, GABAergic disinhibition produced differential effects throughout the life course suggesting that even in young adults (P42), GABAergic inhibition is not yet mature in the dorsal horn. Ultimately the data presented here suggests a longer duration of development occurs than previously thought in the processing of primary afferent fibre inputs, GABAergic activity, and wind-up in the dorsal horn, with maturation not occurring until adulthood as opposed to by the third or fourth postnatal week.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Hathway, Gareth
Donaldson, Lucy
Keywords: Somatosensory processing, Spinal processing, Dorsal horn
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC 321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Item ID: 68694
Depositing User: Battell, Emma
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2022 04:41
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2022 04:41
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/68694

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