Impact of CO2 activation on the structure, composition, and performance of Sb/C nanohybrid lithium/sodium-ion battery anodes

Liang, Suzhe and Cheng, Ya-Jun and Wang, Xiaoyan and Xu, Zhuijun and Ma, Liujia and Xu, Hewei and Ji, Qing and Zuo, Xiuxia and Müller-Buschbaum, Peter and Xia, Yonggao (2021) Impact of CO2 activation on the structure, composition, and performance of Sb/C nanohybrid lithium/sodium-ion battery anodes. Nanoscale Advances, 3 (7). pp. 1942-1953. ISSN 2516-0230

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Abstract

Antimony (Sb) has been regarded as one of the most promising anode materials for both lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) and attracted much attention in recent years. Alleviating the volumetric effect of Sb during charge and discharge processes is the key point to promote Sb-based anodes to practical applications. Carbon dioxide (CO2) activation is applied to improve the rate performance of the Sb/C nanohybrid anodes caused by the limited diffusion of Li/Na ions in excessive carbon components. Based on the reaction between CO2 and carbon, CO2 activation can not only reduce the excess carbon content of the Sb/C nanohybrid but also create abundant mesopores inside the carbon matrix, leading to enhanced rate performance. Additionally, CO2 activation is also a fast and facile method, which is perfectly suitable for the fabrication system we proposed. As a result, after CO2 activation, the average capacity of the Sb/C nanohybrid LIB anode is increased by about 18 times (from 9 mA h g−1 to 160 mA h g−1) at a current density of 3300 mA g−1. Moreover, the application of the CO2-activated Sb/C nanohybrid as a SIB anode is also demonstrated, showing good electrochemical performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is Gold OA
Keywords: Carbon dioxide (CO2) ; Antimony (Sb) ; lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) ; sodium-ion batteries (SIBs)
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1039/d1na00008j
Depositing User: QIU, Lulu
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2021 05:59
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2021 05:59
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/65355

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