Natron glass beads reveal Proto-Silk Road between the Mediterranean and China in the 1st millennium BCE

Lü, Qin-Qin and Henderson, Julian and Wang, Yongqiang and Wang, Binghua (2021) Natron glass beads reveal Proto-Silk Road between the Mediterranean and China in the 1st millennium BCE. Scientific Reports, 11 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Natron-based glass was a vital part of material culture in the Mediterranean and Europe for nearly two millennia, but natron glass found elsewhere on the Eurasian Continent has not received adequate discussion, despite its influence on ancient Asian glass. Here we present a new interpretation of natron glass finds from both the West and the East. After establishing the compositional types and technological sequence of Mediterranean natron glass (eighth-second century BCE) using trace elements, we report the analysis of a mid-1st millennium BCE glass bead from Xinjiang, China, which was likely made with Levantine raw glass, and identify common types of stratified eye beads in Eurasia based on a compositional and typological comparison. Combining these findings, we propose that a considerable number of Mediterranean natron glass products had arrived in East Asia at least by the fifth century BCE, which may have been a contributing factor in the development of native Chinese glass-making. The swift diffusion of natron glass across Eurasia in the 1st millennium BCE was likely facilitated by a three-stage process involving maritime and overland networks and multiple forms of trade and exchange, indicating a highly adaptable and increasingly efficient transcontinental connection along the ‘Proto-Silk Road’.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Materials science ; Mineralogy
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Arts > School of Humanities > Department of Archaeology
University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of International Communications
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82245-w
Depositing User: Wu, Cocoa
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2021 02:11
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 02:11
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/64789

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