On the use of movement-based interaction with smart textiles for emotion regulation

Jiang, Mengqi, Nanjappan, Vijayakumar, ten Bhömer, Martijn and Liang, Hai-Ning (2021) On the use of movement-based interaction with smart textiles for emotion regulation. Sensors, 21 (3). p. 990. ISSN 1424-8220

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Research from psychology has suggested that body movement may directly activate emotional experiences. Movement-based emotion regulation is the most readily available but often un-derutilized strategy for emotion regulation. This research aims to investigate the emotional ef-fects of movement-based interaction and its sensory feedback mechanisms. To this end, we de-veloped a smart clothing prototype, E-motionWear, which reacts to four movements (elbow flexion/extension, shoulder flexion/extension, open and closed arms, neck flexion/extension), fabric-based detection sensors, and three-movement feedback mechanisms (audio, visual and vibrotactile). An experiment was conducted using a combined qualitative and quantitative ap-proach to collect participants’ objective and subjective emotional feelings. Results indicate that there was no interaction effect between movement and feedback mechanism on the final emo-tional results. Participants preferred vibrotactile and audio feedback rather than visual feedback when performing these four kinds of upper body movements. Shoulder flexion/extension and open-closed arm movements were more effective for improving positive emotion than elbow flexion/extension movements. Participants thought that the E-motionWear prototype were comfortable to wear and brought them new emotional experiences. From these results, a set of guidelines were derived that can help frame the design and use of smart clothing to support us-ers’ emotional regulation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: movement-based interaction; emotion regulation; feedback mechanism; smart textiles; interac-tive textiles
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030990
Depositing User: Wu, Cocoa
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2021 06:09
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2021 06:09
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/64719

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