Assessing the transition of municipal solid waste management using combined material flow analysis and life cycle assessment

Wang, Dan and He, Jun and Tang, Yu-Ting (2020) Assessing the transition of municipal solid waste management using combined material flow analysis and life cycle assessment. In: Proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Resource Sustainability: Sustainable Urbanisation in the BRI Era (icRS Urbanisation 2020). Environmental Science and Engineering . Springer, Singapore, pp. 77-92. ISBN 9789811596056

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Abstract

Faced with the challenges to deal with increasingly growing and ever diversified municipal solid waste (MSW), a series of waste directives have been published by European Commission to divert MSW from landfills to more sustainable management options. The presented study assessed the transition of MSW man-agement in Nottingham, UK, since the enforcement of the EU Landfill Directive using a tool of combined materials flow analysis (MFA) and life cycle assess-ment (LCA). The results show that the MSW management system in Nottingham changed from a relatively simple landfill & energy from waste (EfW) mode to a complex, multi-technology mode. Improvements in waste reduction, material re-cycling, energy recovery, and landfill prevention have been made. As a positive result, the global warming potential (GWP) of the MSW management system re-duced from 1,076.0 kg CO2–eq./t of MSW in 2001/02 to 211.3 kg CO2–eq./t of MSW in 2016/17. Based on the results of MFA and LCA, recommendations on separating food waste and textile at source and updating treatment technologies are made for future improvement.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: Municipal Solid Waste; Material Flow Analysis; Life Cycle As-sessment; Global Warming Potential; Future Improvement
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical Sciences
University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-9605-6_6
Depositing User: Wu, Cocoa
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2020 05:54
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2020 05:54
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/64207

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