Challenges in urban stormwater management in Chinese cities: A hydrologic perspective

Yang, Moyuan and Sang, Yan-Fang and Sivakumar, Bellie and Ka Shun Chan, Faith and Pan, Xingyao (2020) Challenges in urban stormwater management in Chinese cities: A hydrologic perspective. Journal of Hydrology, 591 . p. 125314. ISSN 0022-1694

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Abstract

For managing the worsening urban water disasters in China, the Government of China proposed the concept of “Sponge City” in 2013 and initiated the strategy in 30 pilot cities from 2015. Despite the promise of the concept, there have been many challenges in implementing the “Sponge City” program (SCP). In this manuscript, we discuss the hydrology-related challenges in implementing the SCP. In particular, we consider two key challenges: (1) Determination of the “Volume Capture Ratio of Annual Rainfall” (VCRAR), as controlling urban stormwater runoff is one of the core targets of the SCP; and (2) Estimation of a proper rainfall threshold, which influences the layout of green-infrastructures in the SCP to achieve the core VCRAR target. To discuss these challenges, we consider the city of Beijing, the capital of China, as a case study. Our analysis shows that the trade-offs between the investment for the SCP and its potential economic benefits should be considered by undertaking a proper determination of VCRAR. The VCRAR estimated for Beijing from the present analysis is 0.73. This value is more reasonable than the empirical value of 0.80 that is presently used, as it can guarantee the positive rate of return on the investment. We also find that the nonstationary characteristics of rainfall data and their spatiotemporal differences are important for the estimation of the rainfall threshold in SCP. For instance, even using the daily rainfall data over a period of 30 years (1983–2012) in Beijing, as required by the National Assessment Standard, the estimated rainfall threshold of 27.3 mm underestimates the reasonable rainfall threshold that should at least be larger than 30.0 mm. Thus, the former cannot ensure the VCRAR target of 0.80. Based on these results, we offer proper approaches and key suggestions towards useful guidelines for delivering better SCP in the Chinese cities.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Urban stormwater management; Sponge city; Low impact development; Nonstationary rainfall; Volume capture ratio of annual rainfall
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125314
Depositing User: Yu, Tiffany
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 07:36
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 07:36
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/61434

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