Structured ZSM-5/SiC foam catalysts for bio-oils upgrading

Ou, Xiaoxia and Wu, Chunfei and Shi, Kaiqi and Hardacre, Christopher and Zhang, Jinsong and Jiao, Yilai and Fan, Xiaolei (2020) Structured ZSM-5/SiC foam catalysts for bio-oils upgrading. Applied Catalysis A: General, 599 . p. 117626. ISSN 0926860X

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Abstract

ZSM-5 zeolite coating supported on SiC foams was prepared by a precursor dispersion-secondary growth method and the resulting structured ZSM-5/SiC foam catalyst was used for the proof-of-concept study of catalytic bio-oils upgrading (i.e. deoxygenation of the model compounds of methanol and anisole) in reference to ZSM-5 catalyst pellets. A layer of ZSM-5 coating with inter-crystal porosity on SiC foams was produced by curing the zeolite precursor thermally at 80 °C. The use of SiC foam as the zeolite support significantly improved transport phenomena compared to the packed-bed using ZSM-5 pellets, explaining the comparatively good catalytic performance achieved by the structured ZSM-5/SiC foam catalyst. In comparison with the ZSM-5 pellets, the ZSM-5/SiC foam catalyst showed 100.0% methanol conversion (at the weight hourly space velocity, WHSV, of 8 h–1) and 100.0% anisole conversion (at WHSV =5 h−1) at the initial stage of the processes, while only about 3% were obtained for the ZSM-5 pellets, under the same conditions. Based on the comparative analysis of the characterisation data on the fresh and spent catalysts, the deactivation mechanisms of the ZSM-5/SiC and the ZSM-5 pellet catalysts were explained. The process intensification using SiC foam to support ZSM-5 improved the global gas-to-solid mass transfer notably, and hence mitigating the pore blocking due to the carbon deposition on the external surface of supported ZSM-5.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ZSM-5; SiC foam;Bio-oils upgrading;Coke formation;Deactivation mechanism;Process intensification
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2020.117626
Depositing User: QIU, Lulu
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 06:09
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 06:09
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/61360

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