An empirical comparison of commercial and open‐source web vulnerability scanners

Amankwah, Richard and Chen, Jinfu and Kudjo, Patrick Kwaku and Towey, Dave (2020) An empirical comparison of commercial and open‐source web vulnerability scanners. Software: Practice and Experience . ISSN 0038-0644

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Abstract

Web vulnerability scanners (WVSs) are tools that can detect security vulnerabilities in web services. Although both commercial and open-source WVSs exist, their vulnerability detection capability and performance vary. In this article, we report on a comparative study to determine the vulnerability detection capabilities of eight WVSs (both open and commercial) using two vulnerable web applications: WebGoat and Damn vulnerable web application. The eight WVSs studied were: Acunetix; HP WebInspect; IBM AppScan; OWASP ZAP; Skipfish; Arachni; Vega; and Iron WASP. The performance was evaluated using multiple evaluation metrics: precision; recall; Youden index; OWASP web benchmark evaluation; and the web application security scanner evaluation criteria. The experimental results show that, while the commercial scanners are effective in detecting security vulnerabilities, some open-source scanners (such as ZAP and Skipfish) can also be effective. In summary, this study recommends improving the vulnerability detection capabilities of both the open-source and commercial scanners to enhance code coverage and the detection rate, and to reduce the number of false-positives.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: commercial scanners; detection capability; open-source scanners; software vulnerability; vulnerable web application
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Computer Science
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/spe.2870
Depositing User: Zhou, Elsie
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2020 06:33
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2020 06:33
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/61145

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