Retraction: the “other face” of research collaboration?

Tang, Li and Hu, Guangyuan and Sui, Yang and Yang, Yuhan and Cao, Cong (2020) Retraction: the “other face” of research collaboration? Science and Engineering Ethics, 26 (3). pp. 1681-1708. ISSN 1353-3452

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Abstract

The last two decades have witnessed the rising prevalence of both co-publishing and retraction. Focusing on research collaboration, this paper utilizes a unique dataset to investigate factors contributing to retraction probability and elapsed time between publication and retraction. Data analysis reveals that the majority of retracted papers are multi-authored and that repeat offenders are collaboration prone. Yet, all things being equal, collaboration, in and of itself, does not increase the likelihood of producing flawed or fraudulent research, at least in the form of retraction. That holds for all retractions and also retractions due to falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism (FFP). The research also finds that publications with authors from elite universities are less likely to be retracted, which is particularly true for retractions due to FFP. China stands out with the fastest retracting speed compared to other countries. Possible explanations, limitations, and policy implications are also discussed.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: research collaboration; retraction; diffusion of responsibility; scientific misconduct
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Business > Nottingham University Business School China
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-020-00209-1
Depositing User: Zhou, Elsie
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2020 03:03
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2020 03:03
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/60939

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