Supercapattery: merit merge of capacitive and Nernstian charge storage mechanisms

Chen, George Zheng (2020) Supercapattery: merit merge of capacitive and Nernstian charge storage mechanisms. Current Opinion in Electrochemistry, 21 . pp. 358-367. ISSN 24519103

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Abstract

Supercapattery is the generic name for hybrids of supercapacitor and rechargeable battery. Batteries store charge via Faradaic processes, involving reversible transfer of localised or zone-delocalised valence electrons. The former is governed by the Nernst equation. The latter leads to pseudocapacitance (or Faradaic capacitance) which may be differentiated from electric double layer capacitance with spectroscopic assistance such as electron spin resonance. Since capacitive storage is the basis of supercapacitors, the combination of capacitive and Nernstian mechanisms has dominated supercapattery research since 2018, covering nanostructured and compounded metal oxides and sulfides, water-in-salt and redox active electrolytes and bipolar stacks of multi-cells. The technical achievements so far, such as specific energy of 270 Wh/kg in aqueous electrolyte, and charging-discharging for over 5000 cycles, benchmark a challenging but promising future of supercapattery.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Supercapattery; Nernstian storage; delocalised valence electrons; pseudocapacitance; bipolar electrode; water-in-salt electrolytes; redox active electrolytes
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coelec.2020.04.002
Depositing User: Wu, Cocoa
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 08:52
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2020 08:52
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/60890

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