Livelihood and vulnerability in the wake of Typhoon Yolanda: lessons of community and resilience

Eadie, Pauline and Atienza, Maria Ela and Tan-Mullins, May (2020) Livelihood and vulnerability in the wake of Typhoon Yolanda: lessons of community and resilience. Natural Hazards . ISSN 0921-030X

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Abstract

Livelihood strategies that are crafted in ‘extra-ordinary’ post-disaster conditions should

also be able to function once some semblance of normalcy has resumed. This article aims

to show that the vulnerability experienced in relation to Typhoon Yolanda was, and continues to be, directly linked to inadequate livelihood assets and opportunities. We examine the

extent to which various livelihood strategies lessened vulnerability post-Typhoon Yolanda

and argue that creating conditions under which disaster survivors have the freedom to pursue sustainable livelihood is essential in order to foster resilience and reduce vulnerability against future disasters. We offer suggestions to improve future relief efforts, including

suggestions made by the survivors themselves. We caution against rehabilitation strategies

that knowingly or unknowingly, resurrect pre-disaster vulnerability. Strategies that foster

dependency, fail to appreciate local political or ecological conditions or undermine cooperation and cohesion in already vulnerable communities will be bound to fail. Some of the

livelihood strategies that we observed post-Typhoon Yolanda failed on some or all of these

points. It is important for future policy that these failings are addressed.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Livelihood; Disaster resilience; Philippines; Vulnerability; Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of International Studies
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-020-03984-z
Depositing User: Zhou, Elsie
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 01:32
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2020 01:32
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/60859

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