User-centered design approaches to integrating intellectual property information into early design processes with a design patent retrieval application

Tang, Pinyan and Sun, Xu and Law, Effie Lai-Chong and Wang, Qingfeng and Cobb, Sue and Zhou, Xiaosong (2019) User-centered design approaches to integrating intellectual property information into early design processes with a design patent retrieval application. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction . pp. 1-19. ISSN 1044-7318

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Abstract

The relationship between intellectual property rights (IPRs) and the development of creativity is always a controversial topic. However, it has seldom been explored from the user-centered design (UCD) perspective. This paper describes how the UCD approach has been employed to develop Design Patent Retrieval Application (acronym: DsPLAi), a mobile app aimed to integrate IPRs related information into early design processes to enhance designers’ IP practice and to facilitate the creative process. Interview studies were first conducted to identify end-users’ understanding of IPRs and related practices. Next, participatory design workshops with designers and IP processionals were organized to understand the interaction between the two parties and their needs, thereby deriving requirements for DsPLAi. A prototype of the app was developed and evaluated with ten industrial designers. The prototype received positive feedback in the usability evaluation. The empirical results showed that the provision of IPRs related information at an early stage could be helpful to the design process and that the designers were positive about the use of DsPLAi in their daily design routines.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: user-centred design; creative design processes; intellectual property; patent retrieval; industrial design
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Business > Nottingham University Business School China
University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/10447318.2019.1699747
Depositing User: Wu, Cocoa
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2020 02:17
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 02:17
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/59702

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